Gynecomastia is a condition where the breast tissues of men will swell as a result of an imbalance of the estrogen and testosterone. This condition affects one or both of the breasts. Boys who are going through puberty as well as older men could develop gynecomastia due to the normal changes in the level of hormones, although there are also several other underlying causes.

In general, it is not really a serious problem. However, it can be a bit difficult to deal with. Men who have this condition would sometimes feel pain in their breast and because it is swelling, they might feel uncomfortable and embarrassed. This article will talk more about the condition and how this can be effectively treated.


What Causes Gynecomastia?

There is only a small amount of glandular tissues that you can find on male breasts. The enlargement of these tissues will result in the formation of breasts among men and this is what gynecomastia is. This abnormal condition of the breast among males could occur at any stage of life in men although its occurrence is common during the early puberty stage and during late adulthood. Here are the most common causes of gynecomastia.

  • Hormonal Imbalance – both males and females have the hormones estrogens and androgen. During the puberty stage, the level of these hormones will keep on fluctuating. If at a certain period of time, the estrogen level will go higher especially on men, gynecomastia will occur. Aside from puberty and hormonal imbalance, there are several other reasons behind the condition. Malnutrition is also another reason because deficiency of nutrients can result to this condition.
  • Medication Side Effects – it is also due to a side effect of several different kinds of drugs and medicines. A lot of diuretics could trigger an anti-androgenic activity among men. Medications for hypertension may also cause gynecomastia most especially those medications that have calcium channel blockers and could affect the metabolic processes of hormones.
  • Health Conditions – certain health conditions may also cause variations in the normal levels of the activity of hormones in the body. If somehow, this could lead to the imbalance in the reproductive hormones, this could lead to gynecomastia. Several hormonal changes would occur when humans age. If this will involve the estrogen and androgen level, this might lead to gynecomastia. In the same way, tumors that could affect the perpituary testes and adrenal glands could also alter the male and female hormones and could lead to hormonal imbalance.

Ways to Treat Gynecomastia

There are various ways to treat gynecomastia. However, before you go on to decide which treatment you should choose, it is best to see your doctor so he or she can diagnose if you do have gynecomastia or if you are suffering from a different condition. If your doctor has diagnosed that you are indeed suffering from this condition, then here are the various ways that it can be treated:

  • Medications – there are various medications that doctors would recommend for the treatment of gynecomastia. Usually, these medications are also used to treat breast cancer and other serious conditions. Among these medications are raloxifene (Evista) and tamoxifen (Soltamox). These medications are proven to be very effective in treating gynecomastia and are approved by the FDA or Food and Drug Administration. In some instances, doctors might also give you medication in treating your hormonal imbalance. Once your hormonal imbalance is treated, then your gynecomastia will be treated as well.
  • Surgery – if none of the medications will work for you, your doctor may resort to surgery. There are various types of surgeries that can treat the condition. One is liposuction, and as you know, liposuction is often the method used by people who want to shed off the excess pounds off their body. And this is what liposuction can do for you as well. It will remove the breast fat, but not necessarily the breast gland tissues.

Another type of surgery is the mastectomy, where the breast gland tissues are removed. This surgery is usually done endoscopically and this means that small incisions are to be used. This surgery is less invasive and will require less time of recovery.

Avoid Self-Medication

The problem with some men is that they often resort to self-medication in treating their condition. This includes gynecomastia. But self-medication is not recommended as this might cause more harm in your body and you might end up taking medications that have harmful side effects and might make your condition to become severe.

If you feel that you are suffering from gynecomastia, you need to see your doctor immediately for proper checkup and diagnosis. Your doctor might also suggest for some tests to be done in order to identify the underlying causes of your condition and in order for the proper treatment to be given.


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About Me

Hello, I'm Allan Thompson, the person behind Stabilised Oxygen blog. I've studied medicines, and on this blog, I'm sharing information about health, cancer, and mens health. Stay connected with my blog for latest and updated information.

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